Generation of the Compression-induced Dedifferentiated Adipocytes (CiDAs) Using Hypertonic Medium

Citation:

Li Y, Mao AS, Seo BR, Zhao X, Gupta SK, Chen M, Han Y, Shih T-Y, Mooney DJ, Guo M. Generation of the Compression-induced Dedifferentiated Adipocytes (CiDAs) Using Hypertonic Medium. Bio Protoc. 2021;11 (4) :e3920.

Date Published:

2021 Feb 20

Abstract:

Current methods to obtain mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) involve sampling, culturing, and expanding of primary MSCs from adipose, bone marrow, and umbilical cord tissues. However, the drawbacks are the limited numbers of total cells in MSC pools, and their decaying stemness during in vitro expansion. As an alternative resource, recent ceiling culture methods allow the generation of dedifferentiated fat cells (DFATs) from mature adipocytes. Nevertheless, this process of spontaneous dedifferentiation of mature adipocytes is laborious and time-consuming. This paper describes a modified protocol for in vitro dedifferentiation of adipocytes by employing an additional physical stimulation, which takes advantage of augmenting the stemness-related Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Specifically, this protocol utilizes a polyethylene glycol (PEG)-containing hypertonic medium to introduce extracellular physical stimulation to obtain higher efficiency and introduce a simpler procedure for adipocyte dedifferentiation.