The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of end-to-end anastomosis between tissue-engineered intestine and native small bowel and to investigate the effect of this anastomosis on their growth. Microporous biodegradable polymer tubes were created from a fiber mesh of polyglycolic acid sprayed with 5% polylactic acid. Intestinal epithelial organoid units were harvested from neonatal Lewis rats and seeded onto polymers. These constructs were implanted into the omentum of adult Lewis rats. Three weeks after the implantation, the constructs (n = 7) were anastomosed to the native jejunum in an end-to-end fashion. Ten weeks after implantation, the tissue-engineered intestine was harvested. Four of 7 rats survived for 10 weeks and the overall patency rate of the anastomosis was 78% (11 of 14 anastomosis). The maximal length of the tissue-engineered intestine at week 3 and 10 was 1.80 +/- 0.32 and 1.93 +/- 0.39 cm (mean +/- SD). Histologically, the tissue-engineered intestine was lined with a well-developed neomucosal layer that was continuous with the native intestine. We conclude that anastomosis between tissue-engineered intestine and native small bowel had a moderately high patency rate and had a positive effect on maintenance of the size of the neointestine and development of the neomucosa.
Last updated on 09/29/2017
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