Compression-induced dedifferentiation of adipocytes promotes tumor progression


Li Y, Mao AS, Seo BR, Zhao X, Gupta SK, Chen M, Han Y, Shih T-Y, Mooney DJ, Guo M. Compression-induced dedifferentiation of adipocytes promotes tumor progression. Sci Adv. 2020;6 (4) :eaax5611.

Date Published:

2020 01


Dysregulated physical stresses are generated during tumorigenesis that affect the surrounding compliant tissues including adipocytes. However, the effect of physical stressors on the behavior of adipocytes and their cross-talk with tumor cells remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that compression of cells, resulting from various types of physical stresses, can induce dedifferentiation of adipocytes via mechanically activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling. The compression-induced dedifferentiated adipocytes (CiDAs) have a distinct transcriptome profile, long-term self-renewal, and serial clonogenicity, but do not form teratomas. We then show that CiDAs notably enhance human mammary adenocarcinoma proliferation both in vitro and in a xenograft model, owing to myofibrogenesis of CiDAs in the tumor-conditioned environment. Collectively, our results highlight unique physical interplay in the tumor ecosystem; tumor-induced physical stresses stimulate de novo generation of CiDAs, which feedback to tumor growth.
Last updated on 02/16/2021